Q:

John is taking a Math test with 75 problems. The problems were of three types: 10 problems were number related, 30 were algebra and35 were geometry.John answered 70% of the number problems correctly, 40% of the algebra correctly and 60% of the geometry correctly.He had to answer 60% of all the problems correctly to pass but didn’t get it. How many more problems had John to answer to pass??Please explain how to calculate this. (Without an calculator)

Accepted Solution

A:
For each category of problem type, John correctly answered...Number problems: 70% of 10 = 7Algebra problems: 40% of 30 = 12Geometry problems: 60% of 35 = 21Total correctly answered: 7 + 12 + 21 = 40Total problems available: 10 + 30 + 35 = 75John got 40/75 correct. He needed to get at least 60%, and 60% of 75 = 45, so he had to answer 5 more correctly in order to pass.- - -In case you're not sure how to get the number of correctly answered problems: if you want to find, for example, 23% of 315, you can break up the percentage as[tex]23\%=2\cdot10\%+3\cdot1\%[/tex]Finding 10% and 1% of any number is easy, just move the decimal point accordingly:10% of 315 = 31.51% of 315 = 3.15Then 23% of 315 = 2(31.5) + 3(3.15) = 72.45.